Axwoman 6.3

Axwoman 6.3 integrates installer and functionality of both Axwoman 5.0 and AxialGen 1.0 for recent ArcGIS versions. It is free for academic purposes. To unpack or install, one must contact bin DOT jiang AT hig DOT se for password due to copyright concerned.

If you used Axwoman in your research, recommended citation is as follows:

Jiang B. (2015), Axwoman 6.3: An ArcGIS extension for urban morphological analysis, http://giscience.hig.se/binjiang/Axwoman/, University of Gävle, Sweden.

Users Group

There is an online Axwoman Users Group on Facebook where you can discuss thoughts and questions with other users: https://www.facebook.com/groups/Axwoman/ Your feedback is very valuable to us, we'd like to hear from you.

Research papers

Axwoman 6.3 is a research prototype evolved from several research papers:

  • Jiang B. and Slocum T. (2020), A map is a living structure with the recurring notion of far more smalls than larges, ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 9(6), 388, https://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/9/6/388, Reprinted as the cover story in the magazine Coordinates, August issue, 6–17, 2020.
  • Jiang B. (2019), Living structure down to earth and up to heaven: Christopher Alexander, Urban Science, 3(3), 96, https://www.mdpi.com/2413-8851/3/3/96. Reprinted as the cover story in the magazine Coordinates, March and April issues, 29–38, 12–17, 2020.
  • Jiang B. (2018), A topological representation for taking cities as a coherent whole, Geographical Analysis, 50(3), 298–313. Reprinted in D'Acci L. (editor, 2019), Mathematics of Urban Morphology, Springer: Berlin.
  • Jiang B. (2016), A complex-network perspective on Alexander's wholeness, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 463, 475–484. Reprinted in Ye X. and Lin H. (2019, editors), Advances in Spatially Integrated Social Sciences and Humanities, Higher Education Press: Beijing.
  • Jiang B. (2015c), A city is a complex network, in: Mehaffy M. W. (editor, 2015), Christopher Alexander A City is Not a Tree: 50th Anniversary Edition, Sustasis Press: Portland, OR, 89-100.
  • Jiang B. (2015b), Wholeness as a hierarchical graph to capture the nature of space, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 29(9), 1632–1648.
  • Jiang B. (2015a), Head/tail breaks for visualization of city structure and dynamics, Cities, 43, 69-77. Reprinted in Capineri C., Haklay M., Huang H., Antoniou V., Kettunen J., Ostermann F., and Purves R. (editors, 2016), European Handbook of Crowdsourced Geographic Information, Ubiquity Press: London, 169–183.
  • Jiang B. and Yin J. (2014), Ht-index for quantifying the fractal or scaling structure of geographic features, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 104(3), 530–541.
  • Jiang B. (2013), The image of the city out of the underlying scaling of city artifacts or locations, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103(6), 1552-1566.
  • Liu X. and Jiang B. (2012), Defining and generating axial lines from street center lines for better understanding of urban morphologies, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 26(8), 1521-1532.
  • Jiang B. and Liu X. (2010), Automatic generation of the axial lines of urban environments to capture what we perceive, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 24(4), 545–558.
  • Jiang B., Zhao S., and Yin J. (2008), Self-organized natural roads for predicting traffic flow: a sensitivity study, Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, July, P07008.
  • Jiang B. (2007), A topological pattern of urban street networks, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 384, 647 - 655.
  • Jiang B. and Claramunt C. (2004), Topological analysis of urban street networks, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 31, 151-162.
  • Jiang B. and Claramunt C. (2002), Integration of space syntax into GIS: new perspectives for urban morphology, Transactions in GIS, 6(3), 295-309.
  • Jiang B., Claramunt C. and Batty M. (1999), Geometric accessibility and geographic information: extending desktop GIS to space syntax, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 23, 127–146.


  • Axwoman 6.3 user manual (2.47M)

    User's guide to Axwoman 6.3 extension (2015)

  • AxialGen manual (113k)

    User's guide to AxialGen software program (2009)

  • TutorialNaturalStreets (1436k)

    A step by step guide for generating natural streets and conducting scaling analysis(2017)

  • TutorialTemporalNaturalStreets (1096k)

    A step by step guide for analysing the evolution of natural streets for a historical city(2020)

  • TutorialNaturalCities (363k)

    A step by step guide for generating natural cities and its recursive derivatives based on road data(2020)

  • TutorialShp2net (551k)

    A compact guide on how to transform axial lines generated from line shapefile into a graph in Pajek’s .net (2012)

  • TutorialHeadTailBreaks (418k)

    A guide to applyling head/tail breaks in ArcGIS (2014)

  • TutorialAutomaticalGeneratingAxialLines (257k)

    A step by step guide for generating axial lines based on urban street (2012)

  • TutorialSmallWorld (391k)

    A step by step guide for calculating small-world and scale-free measures of urban street networks (2012)

  • TutorialAgentBasedSimulation (3.21M)

    A step by step guide for agent-based simulations with the generated axial lines and sharing the model over Internet (2013)



  • Jiang B. (2017), Axwoman 6.3 towards a design tool for smart cities. [Link]
  • Jiang B. (2016), A Mathematical model of beauty for sustainable urban design. [Link]